Mapping a First Look at Tonga’s Devastation After the Volcano Eruption


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After a powerful undersea volcanic eruption Saturday evening near the island nation of Tonga, early reports gave an indication of the expanse of its destruction. Tonga, an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, is just 40 miles from the volcano, and just over 1,000 miles off the coast of New Zealand.






WALLIS AND

FUTUNA

American

Samoa

PACIFIC OCEAN

Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai volcano

Area of

detail below

WALLIS AND

FUTUNA

American

Samoa

PACIFIC OCEAN

Hunga Tonga-Hunga

Ha’apai volcano

Area of

detail below


The New York Times

On Monday and Tuesday, the Royal New Zealand Defense Force and the Australian Defense Force dispatched reconnaissance flights, supply aircrafts and ships to aid with damage assessment and humanitarian response.

The map below incorporates initial reports from the government of Tonga, which detailed death and damage after the eruption triggered a tsunami that battered the nation and flung a plume of ash thousands of feet into the air, blanketing the islands.






Vava’u group

Vava’u

Communications were

limited to satellite phone

after the eruption destroyed

undersea cables.

PACIFIC OCEAN

15-meter (50-foot)

waves struck

the Ha’apai islands.

HA’APAI group

Emergency responders were deployed

to Nomuka, Mango, and Fonoifua islands

on Tuesday, where an evacuation was underway.

Fonoifua island

Only two homes remain.

Nomuka island

A 49 year-old man died.

Extensive damage was reported.

Mango island

A 65 year-old woman died.

All homes were destroyed.

Tongatapu island

15-meter (50-foot) waves caused

extensive damage along

the western coast. Only domestic

phone calls were possible.

Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai volcano

Atata island

Search and rescue operations began

Sunday. Residents were being evacuated.

TONGATAPU group

Kanokupolu

Officials said 21 homes

were destroyed and

35 severely damaged.

‘Eua island

Two homes were destroyed

and 45 severely damaged.

Nuku’alofa

Kolomotu’a

Eight homes were destroyed

and 20 severely damaged

in this suburb of the island’s

capital, Nuku’alofa.

Vava’u

Communications were

limited to satellite phone

after the eruption destroyed

undersea cables.

Vava’u group

PACIFIC OCEAN

15-meter (50-foot)

waves struck

the Ha’apai islands.

HA’APAI group

Emergency responders were

deployed to Nomuka, Mango,

and Fonoifua Islands on Tuesday,

where an evacuation was underway.

Fonoifua island

Only two homes remain.

Nomuka island

A 49 year-old man died.

Extensive damage was reported.

Mango island

A 65 year-old woman died.

All homes were destroyed.

Hunga Tonga-Hunga

Ha’apai volcano

Tongatapu island

15-meter (50-foot) waves caused

extensive damage along

the western coast. Only domestic

phone calls were possible.

Atata island

Search and rescue operations

began Sunday. Residents

were being evacuated.

TONGATAPU group

‘Eua island

Two homes were destroyed

and 45 severely damaged.

Kanokupolu

Officials said 21 homes

were destroyed and

35 severely damaged.

Kolomotu’a

Eight homes were destroyed

and 20 severely damaged in this

suburb of the island’s capital.

Vava’u

group

Vava’u

Communications were

limited to satellite phone

after the eruption

destroyed undersea cables.

PACIFIC

OCEAN

15-meter (50-foot)

waves struck

the Ha’apai islands.

HA’APAI

group

Fonoifua island

Only two homes remain.

Nomuka island

A 49 year-old man

died. Extensive

damage was reported.

Mango island

A 65 year-old woman died.

All homes were destroyed.

Tongatapu island

15-meter (50-foot) waves caused

extensive damage along

the western coast. Only domestic

phone calls were possible.

Hunga Tonga-Hunga

Ha’apai volcano

Atata island

Search and rescue

operations began

on Sunday morning

and an evacuation

process has begun.

TONGATAPU

group

‘Eua island

Two homes were destroyed

and 45 severely damaged.

Kanokupolu

Officials said 21

homes were

destroyed and 35

severely damaged.

Kolomotu’a

Eight homes were

destroyed and 20 severely

damaged in this suburb

of the island’s capital.


The New York Times

Satellites captured the massive eruption. Among the many effects observed by scientists were about 400,000 lightning incidents recorded in the 12 hours after the eruption.

Lightning data from Vaisala The New York Times

The New York Times


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